Sallie Mae Reports Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year 2018 Financial Results

Fourth-Quarter GAAP Net Income Attributable to Common Stock of $143 Million ($0.33 Per Diluted Share); Full-Year GAAP Net Income Attributable to Common Stock of $472 Million ($1.07 Per Diluted Share)

Fourth-Quarter Core Earnings Attributable to Common Stock Increased 66 Percent over the Prior-Year Period (Excluding the 2017 Impact of the Tax Act)

Company Declares First-Quarter 2019 Common Stock Dividend and Announces New Share Repurchase Program

Wednesday, January 23, 2019 4:30 pm EST

Dateline:

NEWARK, Del.

Public Company Information:

NASDAQ:
SLM
"Last year, nearly 374,000 students and families trusted Sallie Mae to help them achieve the dream of a higher education"

NEWARK, Del.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Sallie Mae (Nasdaq: SLM), formally SLM Corporation, today released fourth-quarter and full-year 2018 financial results, announced a new policy to pay a regular, quarterly common stock dividend, beginning in the first-quarter 2019, and has approved a new share repurchase program. Fourth-quarter and full-year 2018 results included GAAP net income attributable to the company’s common stock of $143 million ($0.33 diluted earnings per share) and $472 million ($1.07 diluted earnings per share), respectively. These results were primarily driven by growth in the company’s private education loan portfolio, which totaled $20.3 billion at the end of 2018, up 18 percent from the year-ago period.

“Last year, nearly 374,000 students and families trusted Sallie Mae to help them achieve the dream of a higher education,” said Raymond J. Quinlan, Chairman and CEO, Sallie Mae. “We enter 2019 with significant momentum after another great quarter highlighted by increased net interest income, growth in our private education loan business, and terrific credit quality. It’s particularly gratifying to be in a position to return capital to stockholders through our new dividend and repurchase programs as we continue to expand the franchise.”

For the fourth-quarter 2018, GAAP net income was $148 million compared with $47 million in the year-ago quarter. GAAP net income attributable to the company’s common stock was $143 million ($0.33 diluted earnings per share) in the fourth-quarter 2018 compared with $44 million ($0.10 diluted earnings per share) in the year-ago quarter. The year-over-year increase was primarily attributable to a $74 million increase in net interest income and a $22 million decrease in income tax expense, which were offset by a $27 million increase in total non-interest expenses. The fourth-quarter 2017 included $39 million of additional expense ($24 million in other income and $15 million in additional tax expense) as a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Tax Act”).

For 2018, GAAP net income was $487 million compared with $289 million in 2017. GAAP net income attributable to the company’s common stock was $472 million ($1.07 diluted earnings per share) in 2018 compared with $273 million ($0.62 diluted earnings per share) in 2017. The year-over-year increase was primarily attributable to a $284 million increase in net interest income and a $131 million decrease in income tax expense, which were offset by a $59 million increase in provisions for credit losses, a $49 million decrease in total non-interest income and a $108 million increase in total non-interest expenses. Full-year 2017 included $39 million of additional expense as a result of the Tax Act.

Fourth-quarter 2018 results vs. fourth-quarter 2017 included:

  • Private education loan originations of $733 million, up 16 percent.
  • Net interest income of $383 million, up 24 percent.
  • Net interest margin of 6.11 percent, up 11 basis points.
  • Average private education loans outstanding of $20.4 billion, up 18 percent.
  • Average yield on the private education loan portfolio was 9.34 percent, up 73 basis points.
  • Private education loan provision for loan losses was $39 million, down from $49 million.
  • Private education loans in forbearance were 3.8 percent of private education loans in repayment and forbearance, up from 3.7 percent.
  • Private education loan delinquencies as a percentage of private education loans in repayment were 2.6 percent, up from 2.4 percent.
  • Private education loan net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans in repayment were 1.00 percent, down from 1.07 percent.
  • Personal loan originations of $185 million.
  • Average personal loans outstanding of $1.2 billion, up from $265 million.
  • Average yield on the personal loan portfolio was 11.60 percent, up 138 basis points.
  • Personal loan provision for loan losses was $18 million, up from $6 million.

Non-GAAP core earnings for the fourth-quarter 2018 were $142 million compared with $47 million in the year-ago quarter. Non-GAAP core earnings attributable to the company’s common stock were $138 million ($0.31 diluted earnings per share) in the fourth-quarter 2018 compared with $44 million ($0.10 diluted earnings per share) in the year-ago quarter. Absent the impact of Tax Act-related items, the year-ago quarter non-GAAP core earnings would have been $86 million, and non-GAAP core earnings attributable to the company’s common stock in the year-ago quarter would have been $83 million ($0.19 diluted earnings per share).

Non-GAAP core earnings for 2018 were $487 million compared with $294 million for 2017. Non-GAAP core earnings attributable to the company’s common stock were $471 million ($1.07 diluted earnings per share) for 2018 compared with $278 million ($0.63 diluted earnings per share) for 2017. Absent the impact of Tax Act-related items, non-GAAP core earnings in 2017 would have been $333 million, and non-GAAP core earnings attributable to the company’s common stock in 2017 would have been $317 million ($0.72 diluted earnings per share).

Fourth-quarter 2018 and full-year 2018 GAAP results included $7 million and $1 million, respectively, of pre-tax gains from derivative accounting treatment that are excluded from core earnings results vs. pre-tax losses of $1 million and $8 million, respectively, in the year-ago periods.

Sallie Mae provides core earnings because it is one of several measures management uses to evaluate management performance and allocate corporate resources. The difference between core earnings and GAAP net income is driven by mark-to-market unrealized gains and losses on derivative contracts recognized in GAAP net income, but not in core earnings results. Management believes its derivatives are effective economic hedges, and, as such, they are a critical element of the company’s interest rate risk management strategy. In third-quarter 2018, management made an immaterial change to its definition of core earnings. For additional information, see “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - ‘Core Earnings’ ” in the company’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended Sept. 30, 2018.

For a reconciliation of the effect of various tax-related items (including the Tax Act) (the “Tax-Related Items”) on certain line items in the GAAP Consolidated Statements of Income of the company, see Appendix A on pages 25 and 26 of this press release.

Total Non-Interest Income and Expenses

Total non-interest income was $13 million in the fourth-quarter 2018 compared with total non-interest loss of $22 million in the year-ago quarter. Total non-interest loss was $52 million for 2018 compared with $3 million for 2017. The Tax-Related Items reduced the company’s other income (loss) in the fourth-quarter 2018 and the fourth-quarter 2017, and for full-year 2018 and 2017. Absent these Tax-Related Items, other income increased $2 million compared with the respective year-ago periods, primarily due to increased credit card revenue from the company’s Upromise subsidiary.

Total non-interest expenses were $146 million in the fourth-quarter 2018 compared with $119 million in the year-ago quarter. Non-interest expenses grew 23 percent from the year-ago quarter, while the non-GAAP operating efficiency ratio decreased to 37.6 percent in the fourth-quarter 2018 from 41.2 percent in the year-ago quarter. Absent the Tax-Related Items, the non-GAAP operating efficiency ratio would have been 36.9 percent and 37.1 percent in fourth-quarter 2018 and 2017, respectively. The increase in non-interest expenses was driven by the growth in the portfolio and investments associated with the development of the company’s personal loan product and investments related to other product diversification and platform enhancements.

Total non-interest expenses were $557 million for 2018 compared with $449 million for 2017. Full-year non-interest expenses grew 24.0 percent year-over-year, and the non-GAAP operating efficiency ratio increased to 41.0 percent in 2018 from 39.6 percent in 2017. Absent the Tax-Related Items, the non-GAAP operating efficiency ratio would have been 38.3 percent and 38.4 percent for 2018 and 2017, respectively.

In early 2018, we indicated our intention to invest $40 million to accelerate the diversification of our consumer lending platform into the personal loan and credit card businesses and to migrate our technology infrastructure to the cloud. Non-interest expenses associated with these efforts totaled $17 million in the fourth-quarter 2018 and $44 million in 2018. Expenses in the company’s primary education loan business increased 9 percent in fourth-quarter 2018 compared to fourth-quarter 2017, and increased 14 percent in 2018 compared to 2017, excluding the technology infrastructure migration costs.

Income Tax Expense

Income tax expense decreased to $44 million in the fourth-quarter 2018 from $66 million in the year-ago quarter. The effective income tax rate in fourth-quarter 2018 was 23.2 percent, a decrease from 58.5 percent in the year-ago quarter, primarily due to the Tax-Related Items, as well as the reduction in the federal statutory corporate income tax rate from 35 percent to 21 percent under the Tax Act.

Income tax expense decreased to $72 million in 2018 from $203 million in 2017. The company’s effective income tax rate decreased to 12.8 percent in 2018 from 41.2 percent in 2017. The decrease in the effective tax rate was primarily due to a $94 million decrease in income tax expense in 2018 due to the expiration of the statutes of limitations regarding a portion of indemnified uncertain tax positions. Absent that item, our effective tax rate for 2018 would have been 25.4 percent. The further decrease in the effective tax rate is primarily due to the reduction in the federal statutory corporate income tax rate under the Tax Act.

Capital

The regulatory capital ratios of the company’s Sallie Mae Bank subsidiary continue to exceed guidelines for institutions considered “well capitalized.” At Dec. 31, 2018, Sallie Mae Bank’s regulatory capital ratios were as follows:

           

Dec. 31, 2018

“Well Capitalized”

Regulatory Requirements

Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets) 12.1 percent 6.5 percent
Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets) 12.1 percent 8.0 percent
Total Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets) 13.3 percent 10.0 percent
Tier 1 Capital (to Average Assets) 11.1 percent 5.0 percent
 

Deposits

Deposits at the company totaled $18.9 billion ($10.3 billion in brokered deposits and $8.6 billion in retail and other deposits) at Dec. 31, 2018 compared with $15.5 billion ($8.2 billion in brokered deposits and $7.3 billion in retail and other deposits) at Dec. 31, 2017.

Capital Return Initiatives

The company also announced today that it has initiated a new policy to pay a regular, quarterly common stock dividend, and has approved a new share repurchase program.

A 2019 first-quarter dividend of $0.03 per share on the company’s common stock will be paid on March 15, 2019 to shareholders of record at the close of business on March 5, 2019. This marks the first time the company has paid a common stock dividend since its spin-off of Navient Corporation in 2014.

The new share repurchase program, which is effective immediately and expires on Jan. 22, 2021, permits the company to repurchase from time to time shares of its common stock up to an aggregate repurchase price not to exceed $200 million. The repurchases may occur through a variety of methods, including open market repurchases, repurchases effected through Rule 10b5-1 trading plans, or other similar transactions.

Guidance

The company expects 2019 results to be as follows:

  • Full-year diluted core earnings per share: $1.22 - $1.26.
  • Full-year private education loan originations of $5.7 billion.
  • Full-year non-GAAP operating efficiency ratio: 35 percent - 36 percent.

***

Sallie Mae will host an earnings conference call tomorrow, Jan. 24, 2019, at 8 a.m. EST. Sallie Mae executives will be on hand to discuss various highlights of the quarter and to answer questions related to Sallie Mae’s performance. Individuals interested in participating in the call should dial 877-356-5689 (USA and Canada) or dial 706-679-0623 (international) and use access code 3955447 starting at 7:45 a.m. EST. A live audio webcast of the conference call may be accessed at www.SallieMae.com/investors . A replay of the conference call will be available approximately two hours after the call’s conclusion and will remain available through Feb. 7, 2019, by dialing 855-859-2056 (USA and Canada) or 404-537-3406 (international) with access code 3955447.

Presentation slides for the conference call may be accessed at www.SallieMae.com/investors under the webcasts tab.

This press release contains “forward-looking statements” and information based on management’s current expectations as of the date of this release. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about our beliefs, opinions or expectations and statements that assume or are dependent upon future events, are forward-looking statements. This includes, but is not limited to, the company’s expectation and ability to pay a quarterly cash dividend on its common stock in the future, subject to the determination by the company’s Board of Directors, and based on an evaluation of the company’s earnings, financial condition and requirements, business conditions, capital allocation determinations, and other factors, risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors that may cause actual results to be materially different from those reflected in such forward-looking statements. These factors include, among others, the risks and uncertainties set forth in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended Dec. 31, 2017 (filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on Feb. 23, 2018) and subsequent filings with the SEC; increases in financing costs; limits on liquidity; increases in costs associated with compliance with laws and regulations; failure to comply with consumer protection, banking and other laws; changes in accounting standards and the impact of related changes in significant accounting estimates; any adverse outcomes in any significant litigation to which the company is a party; credit risk associated with the company’s exposure to third parties, including counterparties to the company’s derivative transactions; and changes in the terms of education loans and the educational credit marketplace (including changes resulting from new laws and the implementation of existing laws). We could also be affected by, among other things: changes in our funding costs and availability; reductions to our credit ratings; cybersecurity incidents and cyberattacks and other failures or breaches of our operating systems or infrastructure, including those of third-party vendors; damage to our reputation; risks associated with restructuring initiatives, including failures to successfully implement cost-cutting and restructuring initiatives and the adverse effects of such initiatives on our business; changes in the demand for educational financing or in financing preferences of lenders, educational institutions, students and their families; changes in law and regulations with respect to the student lending business and financial institutions generally; changes in banking rules and regulations, including increased capital requirements; increased competition from banks and other consumer lenders; the creditworthiness of our customers; changes in the general interest rate environment, including the rate relationships among relevant money-market instruments and those of the our earning assets versus our funding arrangements; rates of prepayments on the loans that we make or acquire; changes in general economic conditions and our ability to successfully effectuate any acquisitions; and other strategic initiatives. The preparation of our consolidated financial statements also requires us to make certain estimates and assumptions, including estimates and assumptions about future events. These estimates or assumptions may prove to be incorrect. All forward-looking statements contained in this release are qualified by these cautionary statements and are made only as of the date of this release. We do not undertake any obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements to conform such statements to actual results or changes in our expectations.

The company reports financial results on a GAAP basis and also provides certain “Core Earnings” performance measures. The difference between the company’s “Core Earnings” and GAAP results for the periods presented were the unrealized, mark-to-market gains/losses on derivative contracts (excluding current period accruals on the derivative instruments), net of tax. These are recognized in GAAP, but not in “Core Earnings” results. The company provides “Core Earnings” measures because this is what management uses when making management decisions regarding the company’s performance and the allocation of corporate resources. The company’s “Core Earnings” are not defined terms within GAAP and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

For additional information, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — GAAP Consolidated Earnings Summary -‘Core Earnings’ ” in the company’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended Sept. 30, 2018 for a further discussion and the “‘Core Earnings’ to GAAP Reconciliation” table in this press release for a complete reconciliation between GAAP net income and “Core Earnings.”

We report in this press release certain effects of the Tax Act and reductions to other income due to the reduction in our tax indemnification receivable because of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations related to a portion of our indemnified uncertain tax positions. Further details on the effect of these tax-related items on the GAAP Consolidated Statements of Income are described in Appendix A on pages 25 and 26 of this press release. We believe this additional disclosure will be helpful to investors by illustrating and quantifying the impact of tax-related items. Our financial results absent the effect of the Tax Act and absent reductions to other income due to the reduction in our tax indemnification receivable because of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations related to a portion of our indemnified uncertain tax positions are unique to our company, are not defined terms within GAAP and may not be comparable to adjustments made by, or to similarly captioned measures reported by, other companies.

***

Sallie Mae (Nasdaq: SLM) is the nation’s saving, planning, and paying for college company. Whether college is a long way off or just around the corner, Sallie Mae offers products that promote responsible personal finance, including private education loans, Upromise rewards, scholarship search, college financial planning tools, and online retail banking. Learn more at SallieMae.com. Commonly known as Sallie Mae, SLM Corporation and its subsidiaries are not sponsored by or agencies of the United States of America.

 

Selected Financial Information and Ratios

(Unaudited)

 
 
    Quarters Ended     Years Ended
December 31, December 31,

(In thousands, except per share data and percentages)

2018     2017 2018     2017
 
Net income attributable to SLM Corporation common stock $ 143,313 $ 43,866 $ 471,836 $ 273,220
Diluted earnings per common share attributable to SLM Corporation $ 0.33 $ 0.10 $ 1.07 $ 0.62
Weighted average shares used to compute diluted earnings per share 440,264 438,932 439,681 438,551
Return on assets 2.2 % 0.9 % 2.0 % 1.4 %
Non-GAAP operating efficiency ratio (1) 37.6 % 41.2 % 41.0 % 39.6 %
 
Other Operating Statistics
Ending Private Education Loans, net $ 20,294,843 $ 17,244,830 $ 20,294,843 $ 17,244,830
Ending FFELP Loans, net 847,889   929,159   847,889   929,159  
Ending total education loans, net $ 21,142,732   $ 18,173,989   $ 21,142,732   $ 18,173,989  
 
Ending Personal Loans, net $ 1,128,187 $ 393,652 $ 1,128,187 $ 393,652
 
Average education loans $ 21,249,935 $ 18,258,153 $ 20,170,801 $ 17,147,089
Average Personal Loans $ 1,165,432 $ 265,113 $ 900,152 $ 112,644

 

    _________

(1)

  We calculate and report our non-GAAP operating efficiency ratio as the ratio of (a) the total non-interest expense numerator to (b) the net revenue denominator (which consists of the sum of net interest income, before provision for credit losses, and non-interest income, excluding any gains and losses on sales of loans and securities, net and the net impact of derivative accounting as defined in the "‘Core Earnings’ to GAAP Reconciliation" table in this Press Release). We believe doing so provides useful information to investors because it is a measure used by our management team to monitor our effectiveness in managing operating expenses. Other companies may use similarly titled non-GAAP financial measures that are calculated differently from the way we calculate our ratio. Accordingly, our non-GAAP operating efficiency ratio may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies.
 
 

SLM CORPORATION

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 
 
    December 31,     December 31,
2018 2017
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents $ 2,559,106 $ 1,534,339
Available-for-sale investments at fair value (cost of $182,325 and $247,607, respectively) 176,245 244,088
Loans held for investment (net of allowance for losses of $341,121 and $251,475, respectively) 22,270,919 18,567,641
Restricted cash 122,789 101,836
Other interest-earning assets 27,157 21,586
Accrued interest receivable 1,191,981 967,482
Premises and equipment, net 105,504 89,748
Income taxes receivable, net 41,570
Tax indemnification receivable 39,207 168,011
Other assets   103,695     84,853  
Total assets $ 26,638,173   $ 21,779,584  
 
Liabilities
Deposits $ 18,943,158 $ 15,505,383
Long-term borrowings 4,284,304 3,275,270
Income taxes payable, net 102,285
Upromise member accounts 213,104 243,080
Other liabilities   224,951     179,310  
Total liabilities   23,665,517     19,305,328  
 
Commitments and contingencies
 
Equity
Preferred stock, par value $0.20 per share, 20 million shares authorized:
Series B: 4 million and 4 million shares issued, respectively, at stated value of $100 per share 400,000 400,000
Common stock, par value $0.20 per share, 1.125 billion shares authorized: 449.9 million and 443.5 million shares issued, respectively 89,972 88,693
Additional paid-in capital 1,274,635 1,222,277
Accumulated other comprehensive income (net of tax expense of $3,436 and $1,696, respectively) 10,623 2,748
Retained earnings   1,340,017     868,182  
Total SLM Corporation stockholders’ equity before treasury stock 3,115,247 2,581,900
Less: Common stock held in treasury at cost: 14.2 million and 11.1 million shares, respectively   (142,591 )   (107,644 )
Total equity   2,972,656     2,474,256  
Total liabilities and equity $ 26,638,173   $ 21,779,584  
 
 

SLM CORPORATION

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 
 
    Quarters Ended     Years Ended
December 31, December 31,
2018     2017 2018     2017
Interest income:
Loans $ 524,597 $ 392,399 $ 1,894,687 $ 1,413,505
Investments 1,181 2,016 6,162 8,288
Cash and cash equivalents   12,435   5,081     34,503     15,510  
Total interest income 538,213 399,496 1,935,352 1,437,303
Interest expense:
Deposits 116,195 66,218 389,349 223,691
Interest expense on short-term borrowings 1,156 2,107 5,833 6,341
Interest expense on long-term borrowings   37,995   21,980     127,106     78,050  
Total interest expense   155,346   90,305     522,288     308,082  
Net interest income 382,867 309,191 1,413,064 1,129,221
Less: provisions for credit losses   57,619   55,324     244,864     185,765  
Net interest income after provisions for credit losses   325,248   253,867     1,168,200     943,456  
Non-interest income (loss):
Gains on sales of loans, net 2,060
Losses on sales of securities, net (1,549 )
Gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities, net 6,238 (940 ) (87 ) (8,266 )
Other income (loss)   6,446   (21,066 )   (52,319 )   5,364  
Total non-interest income (loss)   12,684   (22,006 )   (51,895 )   (2,902 )
Non-interest expenses:
Compensation and benefits 61,524 55,796 252,346 213,319
FDIC assessment fees 6,853 7,473 32,786 28,950
Other operating expenses   77,594   55,399     271,844     206,820  
Total non-interest expenses   145,971   118,668     556,976     449,089  
Income before income tax expense 191,961 113,193 559,329 491,465
Income tax expense   44,449   66,190     71,853     202,531  
Net income 147,512 47,003 487,476 288,934
Preferred stock dividends   4,199   3,137     15,640     15,714  
Net income attributable to SLM Corporation common stock $ 143,313 $ 43,866   $ 471,836   $ 273,220  
Basic earnings per common share attributable to SLM Corporation $ 0.33 $ 0.10   $ 1.08   $ 0.63  
Average common shares outstanding   435,586   431,980     435,054     431,216  
Diluted earnings per common share attributable to SLM Corporation $ 0.33 $ 0.10   $ 1.07   $ 0.62  
Average common and common equivalent shares outstanding   440,264   438,932     439,681     438,551  
 
 

SLM CORPORATION

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 
 
    Quarters Ended

December 31,

    Years Ended

December 31,

2018     2017 2018     2017
Net income $ 147,512 $ 47,003 $ 487,476 $ 288,934
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Unrealized gains (losses) on investments 3,335 (50 ) (2,561 ) (716 )
Unrealized gains (losses) on cash flow hedges   (24,953 )   11,631     11,907     19,195  
Total unrealized gains (losses) (21,618 ) 11,581 9,346 18,479
Income tax (expense) benefit   5,229     (4,416 )   (2,333 )   (7,060 )
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax (expense) benefit   (16,389 )   7,165     7,013     11,419  
Total comprehensive income $ 131,123   $ 54,168   $ 494,489   $ 300,353  
 

“Core Earnings” to GAAP Reconciliation

The following table reflects adjustments associated with our derivative activities.

.

 
    Quarters Ended

December 31,

    Years Ended

December 31,

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

2018     2017 2018     2017
 
“Core Earnings” adjustments to GAAP:
GAAP net income $ 147,512 $ 47,003 $ 487,476 $ 288,934
Preferred stock dividends   4,199     3,137   15,640     15,714
GAAP net income attributable to SLM Corporation common stock $ 143,313   $ 43,866 $ 471,836   $ 273,220
 
Adjustments:
Net impact of derivative accounting(1) (7,092 ) 706 (1,284 ) 8,197
Net tax effect(2)   (1,722 )   270   (312 )   3,131
Total “Core Earnings” adjustments to GAAP   (5,370 )   436   (972 )   5,066
 
“Core Earnings” attributable to SLM Corporation common stock $ 137,943   $ 44,302 $ 470,864   $ 278,286
 
GAAP diluted earnings per common share $ 0.33 $ 0.10 $ 1.07 $ 0.62
Derivative adjustments, net of tax   (0.02 )         0.01
“Core Earnings” diluted earnings per common share $ 0.31   $ 0.10 $ 1.07   $ 0.63
 
    ______

(1)

 

Derivative Accounting: “Core Earnings” exclude periodic unrealized gains and losses caused by the mark-to-market valuations on derivatives that do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment under GAAP, but include current period accruals on the derivative instruments. For periods prior to July 1, 2018, “Core Earnings” also exclude the periodic unrealized gains and losses that are a result of ineffectiveness recognized related to effective hedges under GAAP, net of tax. Under GAAP, for our derivatives held to maturity, the cumulative net unrealized gain or loss over the life of the contract will equal $0.

 

(2)

“Core Earnings” tax rate is based on the effective tax rate at the Bank where the derivative instruments are held.

 

Average Balance Sheets - GAAP

The following table reflects the rates earned on interest-earning assets and paid on interest-bearing liabilities and reflects our net interest margin on a consolidated basis.

 
    Quarters Ended

December 31,

    Years Ended

December 31,

2018     2017 2018     2017

(Dollars in thousands)

Balance     Rate Balance     Rate Balance     Rate Balance     Rate
Average Assets
Private Education Loans $ 20,391,032 9.34 % $ 17,318,182 8.61 % $ 19,282,500 9.10 % $ 16,176,351 8.43 %
FFELP Loans 858,903 4.90 939,971 4.07 888,301 4.57 970,738 3.91
Personal Loans 1,165,432 11.60 265,113 10.22 900,152 11.08 112,644 9.90
Taxable securities 182,652 2.56 316,378 2.52 235,700 2.61 326,757 2.53
Cash and other short-term investments   2,254,767 2.19     1,604,619 1.26     1,844,404 1.88     1,454,557 1.07  
Total interest-earning assets 24,852,786 8.59 % 20,444,263 7.75 % 23,151,057 8.36 % 19,041,047 7.55 %
 
Non-interest-earning assets   1,169,125   1,331,197   1,157,628   1,104,598
 
Total assets $ 26,021,911 $ 21,775,460 $ 24,308,685 $ 20,145,645
 
Average Liabilities and Equity
Brokered deposits $ 9,777,361 2.66 % $ 7,923,341 1.87 % $ 9,028,589 2.43 % $ 7,224,869 1.75 %
Retail and other deposits 8,532,952 2.36 7,351,063 1.55 8,142,449 2.08 6,939,520 1.40
Other interest-bearing liabilities(1)   4,419,040 3.52     3,261,087 2.94     3,948,001 3.37     2,932,681 2.88  
Total interest-bearing liabilities 22,729,353 2.71 % 18,535,491 1.93 % 21,119,039 2.47 % 17,097,070 1.80 %
 
Non-interest-bearing liabilities 379,361 778,258 461,327 647,294
Equity   2,913,197   2,461,711   2,728,319   2,401,281
Total liabilities and equity $ 26,021,911 $ 21,775,460 $ 24,308,685 $ 20,145,645
 
Net interest margin 6.11 % 6.00 % 6.10 % 5.93 %
 
    ______

(1)

  Includes the average balance of our unsecured borrowing, as well as secured borrowings and amortization expense of transaction costs related to our term asset-backed securitizations and our asset-backed commercial paper funding facility.
 

Earnings per Common Share

Basic earnings per common share (“EPS”) are calculated using the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during each period. A reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of the basic and diluted EPS calculations follows.

               
Quarters Ended

December 31,

Years Ended

December 31,

(In thousands, except per share data)

2018 2017 2018 2017
Numerator:
Net income $ 147,512 $ 47,003 $ 487,476 $ 288,934
Preferred stock dividends   4,199   3,137   15,640   15,714
Net income attributable to SLM Corporation common stock $ 143,313 $ 43,866 $ 471,836 $ 273,220
Denominator:
Weighted average shares used to compute basic EPS 435,586 431,980 435,054 431,216
Effect of dilutive securities:
Dilutive effect of stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units and Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”)(1)(2)   4,678   6,952   4,627   7,335
Weighted average shares used to compute diluted EPS   440,264   438,932   439,681   438,551
 
Basic earnings per common share attributable to SLM Corporation: $ 0.33 $ 0.10 $ 1.08 $ 0.63
 
Diluted earnings per common share attributable to SLM Corporation: $ 0.33 $ 0.10 $ 1.07 $ 0.62
 
    __________

(1)

  Includes the potential dilutive effect of additional common shares that are issuable upon exercise of outstanding stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, and the outstanding commitment to issue shares under the ESPP, determined by the treasury stock method.
 

(2)

For the quarters ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, securities covering less than 1 million shares and no shares, respectively, and for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, securities covering less than 1 million shares and no shares, respectively, were outstanding but not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because they were anti-dilutive.
 

Allowance for Loan Losses Metrics

               
Quarter Ended
December 31, 2018

(Dollars in thousands)

FFELP

Loans

Private Education

Loans

Personal

Loans

Total
Allowance for Loan Losses:
Beginning balance $ 1,080 $ 274,684 $ 53,210 $ 328,974
Total provision 238 38,671 18,336 57,245
Net charge-offs:
Charge-offs (341 ) (40,849 ) (9,878 ) (51,068 )
Recoveries       5,437     533     5,970  
Net charge-offs (341 ) (35,412 ) (9,345 ) (45,098 )
Loan sales(1)                
Ending Balance $ 977   $ 277,943   $ 62,201   $ 341,121  
Allowance:
Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment $ $ 120,110 $ $ 120,110
Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment $ 977 $ 157,833 $ 62,201 $ 221,011
Loans:
Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment $ $ 1,257,856 $ $ 1,257,856
Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment $ 846,487 $ 19,246,609 $ 1,190,091 $ 21,283,187
Net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans in repayment (annualized)(2) 0.21 % 1.00 % 3.21 %
Allowance as a percentage of the ending total loan balance 0.12 % 1.36 % 5.23 %
Allowance as a percentage of the ending loans in repayment(2) 0.15 % 1.90 % 5.23 %
Allowance coverage of net charge-offs (annualized) 0.72 1.96 1.66
Ending total loans, gross $ 846,487 $ 20,504,465 $ 1,190,091
Average loans in repayment(2) $ 665,151 $ 14,166,945 $ 1,163,782
Ending loans in repayment(2) $ 665,807 $ 14,666,856 $ 1,190,091
 
    ________

(1)

  Represents fair value adjustments on loans sold.
 

(2)

Loans in repayment include loans on which borrowers are making interest only or fixed payments, as well as loans that have entered full principal and interest repayment status after any applicable grace period.
 
               
Quarter Ended
December 31, 2017

(Dollars in thousands)

FFELP

Loans

Private Education

Loans

Personal

Loans

Total
Allowance for Loan Losses:
Beginning balance $ 1,352 $ 227,167 $ 1,400 $ 229,919
Total provision 76 49,437 5,558 55,071
Net charge-offs:
Charge-offs (296 ) (36,828 ) (339 ) (37,463 )
Recoveries       5,419     9     5,428  
Net charge-offs (296 ) (31,409 ) (330 ) (32,035 )
Loan sales(1)       (1,480 )       (1,480 )
Ending Balance $ 1,132   $ 243,715   $ 6,628   $ 251,475  
Allowance:
Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment $ $ 94,682 $ $ 94,682
Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment $ 1,132 $ 149,033 $ 6,628 $ 156,793
Loans:
Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment $ $ 990,351 $ $ 990,351
Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment $ 927,660 $ 16,441,816 $ 400,280 $ 17,769,756
Net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans in repayment (annualized)(2) 0.17 % 1.07 % 0.50 %
Allowance as a percentage of the ending total loan balance 0.12 % 1.40 % 1.66 %
Allowance as a percentage of the ending loans in repayment(2) 0.15 % 2.00 % 1.66 %
Allowance coverage of net charge-offs (annualized) 0.96 1.94 5.02
Ending total loans, gross $ 927,660 $ 17,432,167 $ 400,280
Average loans in repayment(2) $ 711,614 $ 11,740,773 $ 264,876
Ending loans in repayment(2) $ 746,456 $ 12,206,033 $ 400,280
 
    ________

(1)

  Represents fair value adjustments on loans sold.
 

(2)

Loans in repayment include loans on which borrowers are making interest only or fixed payments, as well as loans that have entered full principal and interest repayment status after any applicable grace period.
 
               
Year Ended
December 31, 2018

(Dollars in thousands)

FFELP

Loans

Private Education

Loans

Personal

Loans

Total
Allowance for Loan Losses:
Beginning balance $ 1,132 $ 243,715 $ 6,628 $ 251,475
Total provision 980 169,287 74,317 244,584
Net charge-offs:
Charge-offs (1,135 ) (154,701 ) (19,690 ) (175,526 )
Recoveries       20,858     946     21,804  
Net charge-offs (1,135 ) (133,843 ) (18,744 ) (153,722 )
Loan sales(1)       (1,216 )       (1,216 )
Ending Balance $ 977   $ 277,943   $ 62,201   $ 341,121  
Allowance:
Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment $ $ 120,110 $ $ 120,110
Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment $ 977 $ 157,833 $ 62,201 $ 221,011
Loans:
Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment $ $ 1,257,856 $ $ 1,257,856
Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment $ 846,487 $ 19,246,609 $ 1,190,091 $ 21,283,187
Net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans in repayment(2) 0.16 % 1.01 % 2.11 %
Allowance as a percentage of the ending total loan balance 0.12 % 1.36 % 5.23 %
Allowance as a percentage of the ending loans in repayment(2) 0.15 % 1.90 % 5.23 %
Allowance coverage of net charge-offs 0.86 2.08 3.32
Ending total loans, gross $ 846,487 $ 20,504,465 $ 1,190,091
Average loans in repayment(2) $ 691,406 $ 13,303,801 $ 889,348
Ending loans in repayment(2) $ 665,807 $ 14,666,856 $ 1,190,091
 
    ______

(1)

  Represents fair value adjustments on loans sold.
 

(2)

Loans in repayment include loans on which borrowers are making interest only or fixed payments, as well as loans that have entered full principal and interest repayment status after any applicable grace period.
 
               
Year Ended
December 31, 2017

(Dollars in thousands)

FFELP

Loans

Private Education

Loans

Personal

Loans

Total
Allowance for Loan Losses:
Beginning balance $ 2,171 $ 182,472 $ 58 $ 184,701
Total provision (85 ) 178,542 7,138 185,595
Net charge-offs:
Charge-offs (954 ) (130,063 ) (579 ) (131,596 )
Recoveries       17,635     11     17,646  
Net charge-offs (954 ) (112,428 ) (568 ) (113,950 )
Loan sales(1)       (4,871 )       (4,871 )
Ending Balance $ 1,132   $ 243,715   $ 6,628   $ 251,475  
Allowance:
Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment $ $ 94,682 $ $ 94,682
Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment $ 1,132 $ 149,033 $ 6,628 $ 156,793
Loans:
Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment $ $ 990,351 $ $ 990,351
Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment $ 927,660 $ 16,441,816 $ 400,280 $ 17,769,756
Net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans in repayment(2) 0.13 % 1.03 % 0.47 %
Allowance as a percentage of the ending total loan balance 0.12 % 1.40 % 1.66 %
Allowance as a percentage of the ending loans in repayment(2) 0.15 % 2.00 % 1.66 %
Allowance coverage of net charge-offs 1.19 2.17 11.67
Ending total loans, gross $ 927,660 $ 17,432,167 $ 400,280
Average loans in repayment(2) $ 745,039 $ 10,881,058 $ 119,606
Ending loans in repayment(2) $ 746,456 $ 12,206,033 $ 400,280
 
    ______

(1)

  Represents fair value adjustments on loans sold.
 

(2)

Loans in repayment include loans on which borrowers are making interest only or fixed payments, as well as loans that have entered full principal and interest repayment status after any applicable grace period.
 
 

Private Education Loan Key Credit Quality Indicators

 
 
Private Education Loans
Credit Quality Indicators
December 31, 2018   December 31, 2017

(Dollars in thousands)

Balance (1)   % of Balance Balance (1)   % of Balance
 
Cosigners:
With cosigner $ 18,378,398 90 % $ 15,658,539 90 %
Without cosigner 2,126,067 10   1,773,628 10  
Total $ 20,504,465 100 % $ 17,432,167 100 %
 
FICO at Original Approval(2):
Less than 670 $ 1,409,789 7 % $ 1,153,591 6 %

670-699

3,106,983 15 2,596,959 15

700-749

6,759,721 33 5,714,554 33
Greater than or equal to 750 9,227,972 45   7,967,063 46  
Total $ 20,504,465 100 % $ 17,432,167 100 %
 
Seasoning(3):
1-12 payments $ 4,969,334 24 % $ 4,256,592 24 %
13-24 payments 3,481,235 17 3,229,465 19
25-36 payments 2,741,954 13 2,429,238 14
37-48 payments 1,990,049 10 1,502,327 9
More than 48 payments 2,061,448 10 1,256,813 7
Not yet in repayment 5,260,445 26   4,757,732 27  
Total $ 20,504,465 100 % $ 17,432,167 100 %
 
    ______
(1)  

Balance represents gross Private Education Loans.

 
(2) Represents the higher credit score of the cosigner or the borrower.
 
(3) Number of months in active repayment (whether interest only payment, fixed payment or full principal and interest payment status) for which a scheduled payment was due.
 
 

Personal Loan Key Credit Quality Indicators

 
 
Personal Loans
Credit Quality Indicators
December 31, 2018   December 31, 2017

(Dollars in thousands)

Balance (1)   % of Balance Balance (1)   % of Balance
 
FICO at Original Approval:
Less than 670 $ 77,702 7 % $ 32,156 8 %

670-699

339,053 28 114,731 29

700-749

554,700 47 182,025 45
Greater than or equal to 750 218,636 18   71,368 18  
Total $ 1,190,091 100 % $ 400,280 100 %
 
Seasoning(2):
0-12 payments $ 1,008,758 85 % $ 400,280 100 %
13-24 payments 181,333 15
25-36 payments
37-48 payments
More than 48 payments    
Total $ 1,190,091 100 % $ 400,280 100 %
 
    ______
(1)   Balance represents gross Personal Loans.
 
(2) Number of months in active repayment for which a scheduled payment was due.
 
 

Private Education Loan Delinquencies

 
 
The following table provides information regarding the loan status of our Private Education Loans. Loans in repayment include loans making interest only or fixed payments, as well as loans that have entered full principal and interest repayment status after any applicable grace period.
 
 
Private Education Loans
December 31,
2018   2017

(Dollars in thousands)

Balance   % Balance   %
Loans in-school/grace/deferment(1) $ 5,260,445 $ 4,757,732
Loans in forbearance(2) 577,164 468,402
Loans in repayment and percentage of each status:
Loans current 14,289,705 97.4 % 11,911,128 97.6 %
Loans delinquent 31-60 days(3) 231,216 1.6 179,002 1.5
Loans delinquent 61-90 days(3) 95,105 0.7 78,292 0.6
Loans delinquent greater than 90 days(3) 50,830   0.3   37,611   0.3  
Total loans in repayment 14,666,856   100.0 % 12,206,033   100.0 %
Total loans, gross 20,504,465 17,432,167
Deferred origination costs and unamortized premium/(discount) 68,321   56,378  
Total loans 20,572,786 17,488,545
Allowance for losses (277,943 ) (243,715 )
Total loans, net $ 20,294,843   $ 17,244,830  
Percentage of loans in repayment 71.5 % 70.0 %
Delinquencies as a percentage of loans in repayment 2.6 % 2.4 %
Loans in forbearance as a percentage of loans in repayment and forbearance 3.8 % 3.7 %
 
    _______
(1)   Deferment includes customers who have returned to school or are engaged in other permitted educational activities and are not yet required to make payments on the loans (e.g., residency periods for medical students or a grace period for bar exam preparation).
 
(2) Loans for customers who have requested extension of grace period generally during employment transition or who have temporarily ceased making full payments due to hardship or other factors, consistent with established loan program servicing policies and procedures.
 
(3) The period of delinquency is based on the number of days scheduled payments are contractually past due.
 
 
Loans in full principal and interest repayment status in our Private Education Loan portfolio at December 31, 2018 increased by 27 percent compared with December 31, 2017, and total 44 percent of our Private Education Loan portfolio at December 31, 2018.
 
 

Personal Loan Delinquencies

 
The following table provides information regarding the loan status of our Personal Loans.
 
 
Personal Loans
December 31,   December 31,
2018 2017

(Dollars in thousands)

Balance   % Balance   %
Loans in repayment and percentage of each status:
Loans current $ 1,172,776 98.5 % $ 398,988 99.7 %
Loans delinquent 31-60 days(1) 6,722 0.6 761 0.2
Loans delinquent 61-90 days(1) 5,416 0.5 340 0.1
Loans delinquent greater than 90 days(1) 5,177   0.4   191    
Total Personal Loans in repayment 1,190,091   100.0 % 400,280   100.0 %
Total Personal Loans, gross 1,190,091 400,280
Personal Loans deferred origination costs and unamortized premium/(discount) 297    
Total Personal Loans 1,190,388 400,280
Personal Loans allowance for losses (62,201 ) (6,628 )
Personal Loans, net $ 1,128,187   $ 393,652  
Delinquencies as a percentage of Personal Loans in repayment 1.5 % 0.3 %
 
    _______
(1)   The period of delinquency is based on the number of days scheduled payments are contractually past due.
 
 

Summary of Our Loan Portfolio

Ending Loan Balances, net

 
December 31, 2018

(Dollars in thousands)

Private
Education
Loans

 

FFELP
Loans

 

Personal
Loans

 

Total
Portfolio

Total loan portfolio:
In-school(1) $ 4,037,125 $ 163 $ $ 4,037,288
Grace, repayment and other(2) 16,467,340   846,324   1,190,091   18,503,755  
Total, gross 20,504,465 846,487 1,190,091 22,541,043
Deferred origination costs and unamortized premium/(discount) 68,321 2,379 297 70,997
Allowance for loan losses (277,943 ) (977 ) (62,201 ) (341,121 )
Total loan portfolio, net $ 20,294,843   $ 847,889   $ 1,128,187   $ 22,270,919  
 
% of total 91 % 4 % 5 % 100 %
 
    _______
(1)   Loans for customers still attending school and who are not yet required to make payments on the loans.
 
(2) Includes loans in deferment or forbearance. Loans in repayment include loans on which borrowers are making interest only or fixed payments, as well as loans that have entered full principal and interest repayment status after any applicable grace period.
 
 
December 31, 2017

(Dollars in thousands)

Private
Education
Loans

 

FFELP
Loans

 

Personal
Loans

 

Total
Portfolio

Total loan portfolio:
In-school(1) $ 3,740,237 $ 257 $ $ 3,740,494
Grace, repayment and other(2) 13,691,930   927,403   400,280   15,019,613  
Total, gross 17,432,167 927,660 400,280 18,760,107
Deferred origination costs and unamortized premium/(discount) 56,378 2,631 59,009
Allowance for loan losses (243,715 ) (1,132 ) (6,628 ) (251,475 )
Total loan portfolio, net $ 17,244,830   $ 929,159   $ 393,652   $ 18,567,641  
 
% of total 93 % 5 % 2 % 100 %
 
    _______
 
(1)   Loans for customers still attending school and who are not yet required to make payments on the loans.
 
(2) Includes loans in deferment or forbearance. Loans in repayment include loans on which borrowers are making interest only or fixed payments, as well as loans that have entered full principal and interest repayment status after any applicable grace period.
 
   

Average Loan Balances (net of unamortized premium/discount)

 

Quarters Ended
December 31,

Years Ended
December 31,

(Dollars in thousands)

2018   2017 2018   2017
Private Education Loans $ 20,391,032   91 % $ 17,318,182   94 % $ 19,282,500   92 % $ 16,176,351   94 %
FFELP Loans 858,903 4 939,971 5 888,301 4 970,738 5
Personal Loans 1,165,432 5   265,113 1   900,152 4   112,644 1  
Total portfolio $ 22,415,367 100 % $ 18,523,266 100 % $ 21,070,953 100 % $ 17,259,733 100 %
 
 

Loan Activity

 
Quarter Ended December 31, 2018

(Dollars in thousands)

Private
Education
Loans

 

FFELP
Loans

 

Personal Loans

 

Total
Portfolio

Beginning balance $ 20,030,806 $ 868,138 $ 1,079,959 $ 21,978,903
Acquisitions and originations
Fixed rate 479,469 184,752 664,221
Variable rate 258,951       258,951  
Total acquisitions and originations 738,420 184,752 923,172
Capitalized interest and deferred origination cost premium amortization 302,969 7,767 (55 ) 310,681
Sales
Loan consolidations to third-parties (317,515 ) (6,264 ) (323,779 )
Repayments and other (459,837 ) (21,752 ) (136,469 ) (618,058 )
Ending balance $ 20,294,843   $ 847,889   $ 1,128,187   $ 22,270,919  
 
Quarter Ended December 31, 2017

(Dollars in thousands)

Private
Education
Loans

FFELP
Loans

Personal Loans

Total
Portfolio

Beginning balance $ 16,959,241 $ 950,524 $ 130,700 $ 18,040,465
Acquisitions and originations
Fixed rate 282,491 290,387 572,878
Variable rate 356,143       356,143  
Total acquisitions and originations 638,634 290,387 929,021
Capitalized interest and deferred origination cost premium amortization 240,593 6,141 246,734
Sales (1,495 ) (1,495 )
Loan consolidations to third-parties (209,273 ) (6,692 ) (215,965 )
Repayments and other (382,870 ) (20,814 ) (27,435 ) (431,119 )
Ending balance $ 17,244,830   $ 929,159   $ 393,652   $ 18,567,641  
 
Year Ended December 31, 2018

(Dollars in thousands)

Private
Education
Loans

FFELP
Loans

Personal Loans

Total
Portfolio

Beginning balance $ 17,244,830 $ 929,159 $ 393,652 $ 18,567,641
Acquisitions and originations
Fixed rate 3,082,544 1,157,875 4,240,419
Variable rate 2,252,948       2,252,948  
Total acquisitions and originations 5,335,492 1,157,875 6,493,367
Capitalized interest and deferred origination cost premium amortization 597,997 31,093 (71 ) 629,019
Sales (42,772 ) (42,772 )
Loan consolidations to third-parties (991,044 ) (30,076 ) (1,021,120 )
Repayments and other (1,849,660 ) (82,287 ) (423,269 ) (2,355,216 )
Ending balance $ 20,294,843   $ 847,889   $ 1,128,187   $ 22,270,919  
 
Year Ended December 31, 2017

(Dollars in thousands)

Private
Education
Loans

FFELP
Loans

Personal Loans

Total
Portfolio

Beginning balance $ 14,113,409 $ 1,011,678 $ 12,835 $ 15,137,922
Acquisitions and originations
Fixed rate 1,524,893 424,889 1,949,782
Variable rate 3,293,950       3,293,950  
Total acquisitions and originations 4,818,843 424,889 5,243,732
Capitalized interest and deferred origination cost premium amortization 462,030 31,396 493,426
Sales (6,992 ) (6,992 )
Loan consolidations to third-parties (630,877 ) (36,856 ) (667,733 )
Repayments and other (1,511,583 ) (77,059 ) (44,072 ) (1,632,714 )
Ending balance $ 17,244,830   $ 929,159   $ 393,652   $ 18,567,641  
 
 

Private Education Loan Originations

 
The following table summarizes our Private Education Loan originations. Originations represent loans that were funded or acquired during the period presented.
 
         

Quarters Ended
December 31,

 

Years Ended
December 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

2018     %     2017     % 2018     %     2017     %
Smart Option - interest only(1) $ 155,471 21 % $ 133,479 21 % $ 1,164,229 22 % $ 1,071,470 22 %
Smart Option - fixed pay(1) 195,438 27 155,754 25 1,410,124 27 1,222,799 26
Smart Option - deferred(1) 258,087 35 238,152 37 2,017,927 38 1,889,682 39
Smart Option - principal and interest 1,618 1,210 8,450 6,831
Graduate Loan 107,903 15 93,802 15 609,742 11 536,125 11
Parent Loan 14,960   2   11,507   2   104,771   2   73,253   2  
Total Private Education Loan originations $ 733,477   100 % $ 633,904   100 % $ 5,315,243   100 % $ 4,800,160   100 %
 
Percentage of loans with a cosigner 85.2 % 85.0 % 87.2 % 88.0 %
Average FICO at approval(2) 746 746 746 747
 
   

_______

(1)   Interest only, fixed pay and deferred describe the payment option while in school or in grace period.
 
(2) Represents the higher credit score of the cosigner or the borrower.
 
 

Deposits

 
Interest bearing deposits are summarized as follows:
 
     
December 31,
2018     2017

(Dollars in thousands)

Amount    

Year-End
Weighted
Average
Stated Rate (1)

Amount    

Year-End
Weighted
Average
Stated Rate (1)

 
Money market $ 8,687,766 2.46% $ 7,731,966 1.80%
Savings 702,342 2.00% 738,243 1.10%
Certificates of deposit 9,551,974   2.74% 7,034,121   1.93%
Deposits - interest bearing $ 18,942,082   $ 15,504,330  
 
    _____

(1)

 

Includes the effect of interest rate swaps in effective hedge relationships.

 
 

Regulatory Capital

 
 

(Dollars in thousands)

      Actual    

“Well Capitalized”
Regulatory Requirements

Amount     Ratio Amount   Ratio
As of December 31, 2018:    
Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets) $ 2,896,091 12.1% $ 1,558,174 6.5%
Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets) $ 2,896,091 12.1% $ 1,917,752 8.0%
Total Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets) $ 3,196,279 13.3% $ 2,397,190 10.0%
Tier 1 Capital (to Average Assets) $ 2,896,091 11.1% $ 1,299,032 5.0%
 
As of December 31, 2017:
Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets) $ 2,350,081 11.9% $ 1,288,435 6.5%
Tier 1 Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets) $ 2,350,081 11.9% $ 1,585,767 8.0%
Total Capital (to Risk-Weighted Assets) $ 2,597,926 13.1% $ 1,982,208 10.0%
Tier 1 Capital (to Average Assets) $ 2,350,081 11.0% $ 1,067,739 5.0%
   
 

Appendix A

 

Reconciliation of the Effect of Tax-Related Items on Certain Lines Items in the GAAP Consolidated Statements of Income

 
The Tax Act lowered the federal statutory corporate income tax rate from 35 percent to 21 percent, beginning in 2018. Because the Tax Act was enacted during the fourth-quarter 2017, the company was required in late 2017 to reflect the application of the lower tax rate in future years to its deferred tax assets, liabilities and indemnification receivables. Therefore, at Dec. 31, 2017, the company recorded a provisional estimate that resulted in a $15 million net increase in tax expense and reduced other income by $24 million to reflect the effect of the lower tax rate.
 
Unrelated to the Tax Act, the company also reduced other income in the fourth-quarter 2017, the full-year 2017, the fourth-quarter 2018 and the full-year 2018 to reflect the reduction in its tax indemnification receivable because of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations related to a portion of its indemnified uncertain tax positions. When reflecting these reductions, income taxes payable and income tax expense were reduced by corresponding amounts for the relevant periods.
 
The tables below reflect the adjustments to certain line items in the GAAP Consolidated Statements of Income related to these tax-related items.
 
         
Quarter Ended Quarter Ended
December 31, 2018 December 31, 2017

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

As
Reported

   

Tax-
Related
Items

 

Adjusted
(Non-
GAAP)

As
Reported

   

Tax-
Related
Items

 

Adjusted
(Non-
GAAP)

 
Non-interest income (loss):
Gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities, net $ 6,238 $ $ 6,238 $ (940 ) $ $ (940 )
Other income (loss) 6,446   6,850   (1) 13,296   (21,066 ) 32,126   (3) 11,060  
Total non-interest income (loss) $ 12,684   $ 6,850   $ 19,534   $ (22,006 ) $ 32,126   $ 10,120  
 
Income before income tax expense $ 191,961 $ 6,850 $ 198,811 $ 113,193 $ 32,126 $ 145,319
Income tax expense $ 44,449 $ 6,850 (2) $ 51,299 $ 66,190 $ (6,441 ) (4) $ 59,749

Net income

$ 147,512 $ $ 147,512 $ 47,003 $ 38,567 $ 85,570
Net income attributable to SLM Corporation common stock $ 143,313 $ $ 143,313 $ 43,866 $ 38,567 $ 82,433
 
Basic earnings per common share attributable to SLM Corporation $ 0.33 $ $ 0.33 $ 0.10 $ 0.09 $ 0.19
Diluted earnings per common share attributable to SLM Corporation $ 0.33 $ $ 0.33 $ 0.10 $ 0.09 $ 0.19
 
    _____

(1)

  Represents the reduction in the tax indemnification receivable because of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations related to a
portion of indemnified uncertain tax positions.
 

(2)

Represents the net reduction to income tax expense because of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations related to a portion of indemnified uncertain tax positions.
 

(3)

Represents the $24 million reduction in a tax-related indemnification receivable due to the lower federal corporate income tax rate set forth in the Tax Act and an $8 million reduction in the tax indemnification receivable because of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations related to a portion of indemnified uncertain tax positions.
 

(4)

Represents the net reduction in deferred tax assets and liabilities of $15 million due to the lower federal corporate income tax rate set forth in the Tax Act, and an $8 million reduction in the tax indemnification receivable because of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations related to a portion of indemnified uncertain tax positions.
 
         
Year Ended Year Ended
December 31, 2018 December 31, 2017

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

As
Reported

   

Tax-Related
Items

 

Adjusted
(Non-GAAP)

As
Reported

   

Tax-Related
Items

 

Adjusted
(Non-GAAP)

 
Non-interest income (loss):
Gains on sales of loans, net $ 2,060 $ $ 2,060 $ $ $
Losses on sales of securities, net (1,549 ) (1,549 )
Gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities, net (87 ) (87 ) (8,266 ) (8,266 )
Other income (loss) (52,319 ) 93,857 (1) 41,538 5,364 34,749 (3) 40,113
Total non-interest income (loss) $ (51,895 ) $ 93,857 $ 41,962 $ (2,902 ) $ 34,749 $ 31,847
 
Income before income tax expense $ 559,329 $ 93,857 $ 653,186 $ 491,465 $ 34,749 $ 526,214
Income tax expense $ 71,853 $ 93,857 (2) $ 165,710 $ 202,531 $ (3,818 ) (4) $ 198,713
Net income $ 487,476 $ $ 487,476 $ 288,934 $ 38,567 $ 327,501
Net income attributable to SLM Corporation common stock $ 471,836 $ $ 471,836 $ 273,220 $ 38,567 $ 311,787
 
Basic earnings per common share attributable to SLM Corporation $ 1.08 $ $ 1.08 $ 0.63 $ 0.09 $ 0.72
Diluted earnings per common share attributable to SLM Corporation $ 1.07 $ $ 1.07 $ 0.62 $ 0.09 $ 0.71
 
    _____

(1)

  Represents the reduction in the tax indemnification receivable because of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations related to a portion of indemnified uncertain tax positions.
 

(2)

Represents the net reduction to income tax expense because of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations related to a portion of indemnified uncertain tax positions.
 

(3)

Represents the $24 million reduction in a tax-related indemnification receivable due to the lower federal corporate income tax rate set forth in the Tax Act and an $11 million reduction in the tax indemnification receivable because of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations related to a portion of indemnified uncertain tax positions.
 

(4)

Represents the net reduction in deferred tax assets and liabilities of $15 million due to the lower federal corporate income tax rate set forth in the Tax Act, and an $11 million reduction in the tax indemnification receivable because of the expiration of certain statutes of limitations related to a portion of indemnified uncertain tax positions.
 

Contact:

Media:
Martha Holler, 302-451-4900, martha.holler@salliemae.com
Rick Castellano, 302-451-2541, rick.castellano@salliemae.com

Investors:
Brian Cronin, 302-451-0304, brian.cronin@salliemae.com

#Hashtags